As kids, we were all fascinated with animals at one point. It can seem like working with animals is a bit of an immature job because of that association. In studying and viewing animals, most people are exposed to the field via zoos, which are largely designed as an attraction meant for families and young children. However, if you are a fan of Sir David Attenborough, you have probably seen Planet Earth, which shows you that studying animals can be for more ages than just the young. In fact, studying the animal kingdom is a deeply valuable scientific field that can help us in many aspects of life. Working with private zoology tutors, you can see animals for the mature lessons they provide, not just the ones that we pass on to the young generation.
Zoology as a study dates back to Aristotle, who is considered the father of zoology. He and Galen were known in the Greco-Roman world for their study of biology. This work was developed over the years, but the greatest leap in the field came in the mid 19th century through the work of Charles Darwin. Darwin’s expedition to the Galapagos was not just about learning about new species that we had never seen before, although that was a major aspect of the discoveries. More than that, Darwin introduced the theory of natural selection and other theories on evolution that sent the field in a much more focused direction. By the 1930s, genetics became a highly complementary field and this led to the field of evolutionary biology.
As it stands today, zoologists tackle the subject from a variety of different angles, including structure, physiology, evolution, classification, ethology, and geography. Structurally, we break down species into a series of groups based on their cells. The presence of a membrane around the nucleus creates the domain of Eukarya, which is where humans reside. Archaea and Bacteria are the other major kingdoms, which are both membrane-less nucleus organisms that have different structures. In physiology, we look at the similarities and differences between the systems in the body in different species. In some, we are able to make inferences about our own physiology based on the findings in other species. On the evolutionary level, we look to see how species have changed over time. The theory of natural selection posits that species develop traits that make them more apt to reproduce and those traits are passed down through survivors over time to shape new species. This can go hand in hand with archaeology, as we sometimes need to use fossils and other physical evidence to prove the links in the chain between old species and new. Classification is where you get to the order of naming. Unlike most geography, there are still animals left to discover that we have not been able to find yet. That said, we have a standard for naming that drops from general categories to more specific. The order is: domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. Most names are reduced to genus and species, which is where we get the name Homo sapiens. Ethology is the study of animal behavior under normal conditions, which can be obstructed just by the act of observing. They have been particularly focused in the years on the evolution of behavior. Finally, geography is important both in terms of where animals live and where they should not.
Through all of this, it should be readily apparent that there is a great need for zoologists. We are only scratching the surface of discovering all that there is to know about different species and their place in the ecosystem, including our own. With zoology tutors near me, you can find out more about the creatures that live on this weird little planet.