Geology is an earth science that deals with the solid Earth, mostly concerning the rocks that compose the planet and the processes by which they change over time. It can also include the study of any other terrestrial planet or natural satellite, meaning Mars and the Moon can be a part of it too. But sticking to the planet that we live on, private geology tutors can be a great way to learn about our planet, especially if you are interested in the physical natural disasters that occur, such as earthquakes and volcanoes.
These are caused by shifting tectonic plates, which are the separate portions of the upper mantle in the earth’s crust that move over time. The plates converge and cause subduction, which is where one plate is forced underneath the other by gravity. This squishing together leads to energy building up, which is released through earthquakes. It also creates volcanic arcs, which can lead to eruptions along the subducting plate.
One of the most famous subductions in America is along the San Andrea Fault in California, which is the boundary between the Pacific and North American plates. The plates move in opposite directions, causing lots of energy to release. Large earthquakes in 1857 and 1906 hit the northern section of the fault, but the southern section has not seen a similar rupture in at least 300 years. In Los Angeles, small earthquakes are a common reality, happening almost yearly like a snow day in school, but you do not get any time off. The quakes are usually short and painless, maybe knocking over a couple of picture frames, but not much more. A lot of people do not even notice or sleep right through if they are at night.
Part of where geology intersects with other professions is in earthquake preparedness, especially in the field of architecture. Buildings must be designed with the ecological realities of the area in mind, which means that many California buildings are designed to withstand earthquake level shaking. The designs make it so buildings flex without snapping or holding the improper shape. This is a form of geotechnical engineering that is vitally important. It goes beyond just buildings and extends to other civil necessities like roads and bridges.
When you search for geology tutors near me, you can find options that can teach you whatever you want to know about the earth’s crust and its movement.